Sport injuries are those which occur while playing sports or doing physical exercise. Some are the result of an accident, while others come from bad training practices or inappropriate use of training equipment. In some cases, these injuries are due to inadequate warming up or stretching before play or exercise.
The most common sports injuries are:
– Sprains or twisted ligaments and pulled muscles or torn tendons
– Knee injuries
– Muscle swelling
What is the difference between acute and chronic injuries?
There are two types of sports injuries, acute and chronic. Acute injuries occur suddenly while you are playing sport or exercising. The most frequent acute injuries include sprained ankles, back distensions and fractures to hand and wrist.
The symptoms that accompany an acute injury include:
– Sudden severe pain
– Inability to rest weight on the affected leg, knee, ankle or foot
– Bad pains in the affected arm, elbow, wrist, hand or finger
– Inability to move a joint normally
– Extreme weakness in a leg or arm
– A bone or joint which is visibly out fo place
Chronic injuries occur after sporting activities or exercise and last a long time.
The symptoms associated with chronic injuries include:
– Pain whilst playing sport
– Pain whilst exercising
– Slight pain even while resting
What should I do if I suffer an injury?
Never try to “just put up with” the pain of a sports injury. Stop playing sport or exercising as soon as you notice the pain. Going on can only worsen the injury. some injuries must be examined immediately by a doctor. Others, you can treat yourself.
Call for a doctor when:
– The injury causes severe pain, swelling or loss of feeling
– You cannot support any weight on the injured area
– A previous injury gives you pain
– A previous injury swells up
– A joint is abnormal or unstable in any way
I you are not suffering from any of these symptoms, you can safely treat your injury at home. If the pain or other symptoms worse, you should call a doctor. use the ICER method (Ice, Compression, Elevation and Rest) to alleviate pain, reduces swelling and speed up the healing process. Follow those four steps as soon as the injury occurs and over the following 48 hours.
What is the usual treatment for sports injuries?
The ICER method is the most commonly employed treatment for sport injuries. non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications are also employed, as is immobilization. In some cases surgery may be required. After surgery there will be a period of rehabilitation.
Rehabilitation includes exercises that help the injured area to return step-by-step to a normal condition. Certain movements help the injured area recover. Rehabilitation should begin as soon as possible. Exercises start with a series of gentle movements of the injured area. this is followed by stretching. After a while, weights can be added to strengthen the injured area.
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In any case, remember that any injury may be symptomatic of a serious health condition and if symptoms persist or worsen, you should consult your doctor.